Welcome to the theory group led by Prof. Wilhelm Zwerger at the Physik-Department of the Technical University in Munich (TUM). Research in our group is focused on quantum and statistical physics in a wide range of areas, from condensed matter physics and nanostructures to ultracold gases and the interface between quantum optics, quantum information and solid state physics. We are working in collaboration with a number of groups in the Munich area and beyond, in particular with the Max-Planck-Institute for Quantum Optics (MPQ) and within the Nano-Inititative Munich (NIM).
We provide an exact solution for the interplay between Bose-Einstein condensation and the Dicke-Hepp-Lieb self-organization transition of an ideal Bose gas trapped inside a single-mode optical cavity and subject to a transverse laser drive. Based on an effective action approach, we determine the full phase diagram at arbitrary temperature, which features a bi-critical point where the transitions cross. We calculate the dynamically generated band structure of the atoms and the associated supression of the critical temperature for Bose-Einstein condensation in the phase with a spontaneous periodic density modulation. Moreover, we determine the evolution of the polariton spectrum due to the coupling of the cavity photons and the atomic field near the self-organization transition, which is quite different above or below the Bose-Einstein condensation temperature. At low temperatures, the critical value of the Dicke-Hepp-Lieb transition decreases with temperature and thus thermal fluctuations can enhance the tendency to a periodic arrangement of the atoms.
Francesco Piazza, Philipp Strack, and Wilhelm Zwerger, arXiv 1305.2928
It is shown that the Mott insulating and superfluid phases of bosons in an optical lattice may be distinguished by a non-local 'parity order parameter' which is directly accessible via single site resolution imaging. In one dimension, the lattice Bose model is dual to a classical interface roughening problem. We use known exact results from the latter to prove that the parity order parameter exhibits long range order in the Mott insulating phase, consistent with recent experiments by Endres et al. [Science 334, 200 (2011)]. In two spatial dimensions, the parity order parameter can be expressed in terms of an equal time Wilson loop of a non-trivial U(1) gauge theory in 2+1 dimensions which exhibits a transition between a Coulomb and a confining phase. The negative logarithm of the parity order parameter obeys a perimeter law in the Mott insulator and is enhanced by a logarithmic factor in the superfluid.
Steffen Patrick Rath, Wolfgang Simeth, Manuel Endres, and Wilhelm Zwerger, Annals of Physics (N.Y.) 334, 256 (2013)
We provide an exact solution of the Efimov spectrum in ultracold gases within the standard two-channel model for Feshbach resonances. It is shown that the finite range in the Feshbach coupling makes the introduction of an adjustable three-body parameter obsolete. The solution explains the empirical relation between the scattering length where the first Efimov state appears at the atom threshold and the van der Waals length for open-channel dominated resonances. There is a continuous crossover to the closed-channel dominated limit, where the scale in the energy level diagram as a function of the inverse scattering length is set by the intrinsic length associated with the Feshbach coupling. Our results provide a number of predictions for the deviations from universal scaling relations between energies and scattering lengths that can be tested in future experiments.
Richard Schmidt, Steffen Patrick Rath, and Wilhelm Zwerger, Eur. J. Phys. B 85, 386 (2012)
We propose a framework for inducing strong optomechanical effects in a suspended carbon nanotube based on deformation potential (DP) exciton-phonon coupling. The excitons are confined using an inhomogeneous axial electric field which generates optically active quantum dots with a level spacing in the milli-electronvolt range and a characteristic size in the 10 nm range. A transverse field induces a tunable parametric coupling between the quantum dot and the flexural modes of the nanotube mediated by electron-phonon interactions. We derive the corresponding excitonic DPs and show that this interaction enables efficient optical ground-state cooling of the fundamental mode and could allow us to realize the strong and ultra-strong coupling regimes of the Jaynes-Cummings and Rabi models.
I. Wilson-Rae, C. Galland, W. Zwerger, and A. Imamoglu, New J. Phys. 14, 115003 (2012)